How To Grow Dragon Fruit From Seeds And Cuttings

Dragon fruit can be grown in two ways: through seeds or cuttings. Let’s take a look at both methods:

Growing dragon fruit from seeds:

How To Grow Dragon Fruit From Seeds And Cuttings
  • To grow dragon fruit, start by obtaining dragon fruit seeds. You can get them from a mature dragon fruit or buy them from a reputable seller.
  • Let the seeds stay in water for 24 hours to help germinate them more effectively by softening the seed coat.
  • For planting, use a seed tray or pots with well-draining soil, and bury the seeds about 1/4 inch deep.
  • Water the seeds gently and keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged.
  • Make sure the seed tray or pots are kept in a warm, sunny spot and maintain the temperature between 70-80°F.
  • It may take several days to weeks for a seed to germinate, depending on the type and environmental conditions. Be patient and keep the soil moist until the seedlings finally appear.
  • When the seedlings are big enough, transplant them into bigger pots or in direct sunlight with soil that drains easily.

Growing dragon fruit from cuttings:

How To Grow Dragon Fruit From Seeds And Cuttings
  • To start, get a healthy dragon fruit cutting from a mature plant or from a reliable seller.
  • Put a pot with well-draining soil and make a hole in the soil using a pencil or finger.
  • Put the cutting in the hole so that two nodes are buried in the soil.
  • Water the cutting gently and keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged.
  • Position the pot in a sunny spot and ensure a temperature of 70-80°F.
  • Be patient, as it may take several weeks for the roots to form. Make sure to keep the soil moist until the cutting is securely established.
  • Once the cutting has sprouted roots and begun to grow, transplant it into a larger pot or in the ground in a sunny location with well-draining soil.

For those just starting out in gardening, growing dragon fruit from cuttings may be the best option as it gives you a mature plant to work with. Whatever method you go for, ensure your dragon fruit plants receive plenty of sunlight, well-draining soil, and nutrition to help them thrive.

Providing the Right Growing Conditions

To ensure the success of your dragon fruit plants, it’s essential to provide them with the right growing conditions. Dragon fruit thrives in tropical and subtropical climates, but with proper care, it can also be grown in slightly cooler regions.

Sunlight Requirements

Dragon fruit plants require at least six hours of direct sunlight per day for optimal growth and fruit production. Choose a sunny spot in your garden or provide artificial grow lights if growing indoors. If you live in a region with scorching summers, consider providing some shade during the hottest part of the day to prevent sunburn.

Soil Requirements

Dragon fruit plants prefer well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH level. Sandy loam soil works best, as it allows water to drain quickly while retaining enough moisture for the plants. If your soil is heavy or clay-like, consider adding organic matter, such as compost or coconut coir, to improve its texture and drainage.

Temperature and Humidity

Dragon fruit plants thrive in warm temperatures between 65°F and 90°F (18°C to 32°C). They are sensitive to frost and cannot tolerate prolonged exposure to temperatures below 32°F (0°C). If you live in a colder region, consider growing dragon fruit in containers that can be moved indoors during winter.

In terms of humidity, dragon fruit plants prefer moderate to high humidity levels. If you live in a dry climate, misting the plants regularly or using a humidifier can help create a more favorable environment.

Watering and Drainage

Proper watering is crucial for the healthy growth of dragon fruit plants. Water them deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering sessions. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so make sure the soil has adequate drainage.

During the summer months or in hot climates, you may need to water the plants more frequently to prevent drought stress. However, be cautious not to overwater, as this can also cause issues.

Trellising and Supporting the Plants

Dragon fruit plants are climbing cacti that require support as they grow. Trellising the plants not only helps them grow upright but also saves space in your garden. Here’s how you can trellis and support your dragon fruit plants:

  1. Install a sturdy trellis or structure in the planting area. Ensure it is tall enough to accommodate the eventual height of the plants.
  2. Place the plants near the trellis, leaving enough space for airflow and growth.
  3. Gently tie the young plants to the trellis using soft ties or plant tape. Avoid using tight materials that may damage the stems.
  4. As the plants grow, continue tying the branches to the trellis for support and stability. Regularly check the ties to prevent constriction as the stems thicken.

Trellising not only supports the plants but also helps prevent the fruits from touching the ground, reducing the risk of rot and pest infestation.

Fertilizing Dragon Fruit Plants

To encourage healthy growth and abundant fruiting, it’s important to provide proper nutrition to your dragon fruit plants. Here are some guidelines for fertilizing:

  • Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer specifically formulated for cacti or succulents.
  • Apply the fertilizer according to the package instructions, typically once every 2 to 3 months during the growing season.
  • Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can lead to excessive vegetative growth and reduced fruit production.
  • Incorporate organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil before planting to improve its nutrient content.

Regularly monitor the plants for signs of nutrient deficiencies, such as yellowing leaves or stunted growth. Adjust the fertilization regimen accordingly to address any deficiencies or excesses.

Pruning and Maintenance

Pruning is an essential aspect of dragon fruit plant care. It helps maintain the plant’s shape, promote airflow, and remove any diseased or damaged parts. Here are some pruning tips:

  • Prune the plants during the dormant season or early spring before new growth begins.
  • Remove any dead, diseased, or broken branches.
  • Trim back excessive growth to prevent overcrowding and promote better light penetration.
  • Regularly remove any suckers or side shoots that emerge from the base of the plant to focus energy on the main stems.

While dragon fruit plants don’t require extensive pruning, regular maintenance will keep them healthy and productive.

Dealing with Pests and Diseases

Dragon fruit plants are generally resilient and not prone to many pests and diseases. However, it’s still important to be vigilant and take preventive measures. Here are some common pests and diseases that can affect dragon fruit:


  • Mealybugs: These small, white insects can infest the stems and fruits. Use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control them.
  • Scale insects: Scale insects can attach themselves to the stems and suck sap from the plant. Remove them manually or use horticultural oil for control.
  • Ants: Ants are attracted to the sweet nectar produced by the flowers. While they don’t directly harm the plant, they can protect other pests. Use ant baits or natural repellents to deter them.


  • Root rot: Overwatering or poorly draining soil can lead to root rot. Ensure proper drainage and avoid overwatering to prevent this disease.
  • Stem rot: Excessive moisture and poor air circulation can cause stem rot. Prune affected parts and improve ventilation around the plant.

Regularly inspect your plants for any signs of pests or diseases. Early detection and prompt action are key to preventing widespread infestations or infections.

Harvesting Dragon Fruit

One of the most exciting parts of growing dragon fruit is harvesting the ripe and delicious fruits. The timing of the harvest depends on the variety and can range from 30 to 50 days after flowering. Here’s how to harvest dragon fruit:

  1. Observe the fruit’s color change. Depending on the variety, the fruit may change color from green to red or yellow to pink.
  2. Gently twist the fruit to detach it from the stem. Ripe dragon fruits should come off easily.
  3. Use pruning shears or a sharp knife to cut the fruit from the plant if twisting doesn’t work.

It’s important to handle the fruits with care, as they are delicate and can bruise easily. Once harvested, dragon fruits can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week.

Storing and Enjoying Dragon Fruit

To fully enjoy the flavor and texture of dragon fruit, it’s best to consume it fresh. Here are some tips for storing and enjoying dragon fruit:

  • Store ripe dragon fruits in the refrigerator to prolong their shelf life. Keep them in a breathable bag or container to prevent moisture buildup.
  • Before consuming, wash the fruits thoroughly and cut them open lengthwise. Scoop out the flesh or cut it into cubes for easy snacking.
  • Dragon fruit can be enjoyed on its own, added to fruit salads, blended into smoothies, or used as a topping for desserts.

The vibrant color and sweet taste of dragon fruit make it a versatile and delightful addition to various culinary creations.


Growing dragon fruit from seeds or cuttings is a rewarding experience that allows you to enjoy the beauty and deliciousness of this tropical fruit right in your own garden. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can successfully cultivate dragon fruit plants and harvest a bountiful supply of tasty fruits.

Remember to provide the right growing conditions, trellis and support the plants, and maintain proper care through watering, fertilizing, pruning, and pest control. With patience and dedication, you’ll be able to savor the unique flavors of homegrown dragon fruits.

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