How to Prune Persimmon Tree Properly Like a Pro

If you’re looking to improve your persimmon tree’s growth, health, and fruit production, proper pruning is essential. Pruning can help control the size of the tree, encourage better fruiting, and remove diseased or damaged branches. However, pruning incorrectly can cause more harm than good. In this article, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to prune persimmon tree properly like a pro.

Understanding Persimmon Trees

Persimmon trees are deciduous trees that are native to China and Japan. They are now widely grown in many parts of the world, including the United States. Persimmon trees can grow up to 25 feet tall and have a broad, spreading canopy. They are known for their vibrant orange fruit, which can be eaten fresh or used in baking.

Benefits of Pruning Persimmon Trees

Proper pruning of persimmon trees can lead to several benefits, including:

  • Controlling the size and shape of the tree
  • Encouraging better fruit production
  • Removing diseased or damaged branches
  • Improving air circulation and sunlight penetration to the tree’s interior

Tools Required for Pruning

Before you start pruning your persimmon tree, it is essential to have the right tools. Here are the tools you will need:

  • Pruning shears for cutting small branches
  • Loppers for cutting thicker branches
  • A pruning saw for cutting large branches
  • Gloves to protect your hands
  • Eye protection to protect your eyes from flying debris

When to Prune Persimmon Trees

The best time to prune persimmon trees is during the dormant season, which is from late fall to early spring. Pruning during this time minimizes stress on the tree and reduces the risk of disease or insect infestations. Avoid pruning during the summer or early fall when the tree is actively growing, as this can cause new growth that will not have time to harden before winter.

How to Prune Persimmon Trees

Pruning young and mature persimmon trees are different, and here’s how you can do it:

Pruning Young Persimmon Trees

  1. Cut the central leader to a height of 3 to 4 feet from the ground to encourage branching.
  2. Select three to four strong branches that will form the scaffold branches.
  3. Remove any branches that are growing toward the center of the tree or crossing over another branch.
  4. Cut back the remaining lateral branches to two or three buds.
  5. Repeat this process for the following two to three years to create a well-shaped tree.

Pruning Mature Persimmon Trees

  1. Remove any dead or diseased branches first.
  2. Thin out any crossing or rubbing branches.
  3. Cut back the tips of the previous year’s growth to an outward-facing bud to encourage new fruiting wood.
  4. Remove any water sprouts or suckers growing from the base of the tree.

Tips for Pruning Persimmon Trees

  • Use sharp tools to make clean cuts and avoid damaging the tree.
  • Cut branches at a 45-degree angle, just above the branch collar, to promote healing.
  • Keep the tree’s natural shape in mind when pruning, and don’t remove more than one-third of the tree’s foliage at once.
  • Avoid pruning during wet or damp weather to reduce the risk of disease transmission.
  • Sanitize your pruning tools between cuts to avoid spreading disease.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Pruning Persimmon Trees

  • Removing too much foliage at once, which can stress the tree and reduce fruit production.
  • Making improper cuts that damage the tree and invite disease.
  • Pruning during the wrong time of year, which can harm the tree and reduce fruit production.
  • Neglecting to sanitize your tools, which can spread disease throughout the tree.


Pruning persimmon trees can be intimidating, but with the right tools and techniques, it is a straightforward process that can significantly benefit the health and productivity of your tree. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can prune your persimmon tree like a pro and enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious fruit.


Is it necessary to prune persimmon trees?

Yes, pruning persimmon trees is essential for maintaining their health, controlling their size and shape, and encouraging better fruit production.

What time of year is best for pruning persimmon trees?

The best time to prune persimmon trees is during the dormant season, which is from late fall to early spring.

Can I prune my persimmon tree during the summer?

It is not recommended to prune persimmon trees during the summer or early fall when the tree is actively growing. This can cause new growth that will not have time to harden before winter.

How much of the tree’s foliage can I remove when pruning?

Avoid removing more than one-third of the tree’s foliage at once to avoid stressing the tree.

How do I sanitize my pruning tools?

To sanitize your pruning tools, wipe them down with a solution of 70% rubbing alcohol or one part bleach to nine parts water between cuts.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button