What Is the National Fruit of Armenia and Why? [ANSWERED]

Armenia is a country rich in culture and history, and part of its cultural heritage is its national fruit – the apricot. In this article, we will explore the significance of apricots in Armenian culture, why they were chosen as the national fruit, and the benefits of consuming apricots.

What Is the National Fruit of Armenia and Why?

The national fruit of Armenia is the apricot (Prunus armeniaca), which has cultural and economic significance in the country. Apricots are also a nutritious fruit that offers a range of health benefits, including promoting eye health, boosting the immune system, and supporting digestion.

Apricots are a type of stone fruit that originated in China and were later introduced to Central Asia and Armenia. Armenians have a long history of cultivating apricots, and they are an important part of their cuisine and culture.

The History of Apricots in Armenia

The cultivation of apricots in Armenia can be traced back to ancient times. The Armenian Highlands, located in the southeastern part of the country, have ideal conditions for growing apricots. The region has a dry climate, abundant sunshine, and fertile soil, which makes it perfect for growing this fruit.

Armenians have been using apricots in their cuisine for centuries. They use apricots in various dishes, including stews, jams, and desserts. They also dry apricots, which they call “tsiran” and use them as a snack or an ingredient in their cooking.

The Significance of Apricots in Armenian Culture

Apricots have a special place in Armenian culture. They are considered a symbol of fertility and abundance, and are often used in wedding ceremonies and other celebrations.

In Armenian folklore, apricots are associated with the goddess Anahit, who was the goddess of fertility and the protector of women. According to legend, Anahit was so fond of apricots that she created the Armenian people from their seeds.

How Apricots Became the National Fruit of Armenia

In 1995, the Armenian government declared the apricot as the national fruit of Armenia. The decision was made due to the fruit’s historical and cultural significance to the country.

The apricot was chosen as the national fruit because of its long history in Armenia, and its cultural and economic importance. The apricot harvest is a significant event in Armenia, and the country exports a large quantity of apricots each year.

The Nutritional Value of Apricots

Apricots are a nutrient-dense fruit that is low in calories but high in vitamins and minerals. One cup of sliced apricots (165 grams) contains the following nutrients:

  • Calories: 79
  • Protein: 2 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 19 grams
  • Fiber: 3 grams
  • Vitamin A: 60% of the daily value (DV)
  • Vitamin C: 26% of the DV
  • Potassium: 11% of the DV

Health Benefits of Apricots

Apricots offer a range of health benefits due to their high nutrient content. Some of these benefits include:

  • Promoting eye health: Apricots are rich in vitamin A, which is essential for eye health. Vitamin A helps prevent night blindness and age-related macular disease.
  • Boosting immune system: Apricots are high in vitamin C, which is important for immune system function. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage and improves the body’s ability to fight infections.
  • Supporting digestion: Apricots are a good source of fiber, which promotes digestive health. Fiber helps keep the digestive system moving and can prevent constipation.
  • Regulating blood sugar: Apricots have a low glycemic index, which means they can help regulate blood sugar levels. This makes them a good option for people with diabetes or those looking to control their blood sugar levels.

Culinary Uses of Apricots

In addition to being a nutritious fruit, apricots are also versatile in the kitchen. They can be used in both sweet and savory dishes, and are a popular ingredient in Armenian cuisine. Some ways to use apricots in cooking include:

  • Making apricot jam or preserves
  • Using dried apricots in trail mix or granola
  • Adding fresh or dried apricots to salads
  • Using apricots in stews or tagines
  • Baking apricot tarts or cakes


Apricots have a long history in Armenia and are an important part of the country’s culture and cuisine. Their cultural and economic significance led to them being named the national fruit of Armenia in 1995.

Apricots are also a nutritious fruit that offers a range of health benefits, including promoting eye health, boosting the immune system, and supporting digestion. They are versatile in the kitchen and can be used in both sweet and savory dishes.

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