Fruits

What Is The National Fruit Of China And Why? [ANSWERED]

China is one of the world’s most populous countries and has a rich cultural heritage. As with many other countries, China has a national fruit that holds great cultural, historical, and economic significance.

The national fruit of China is the kiwifruit. In this article, we will explore the kiwifruit’s significance, why it was chosen as China’s national fruit, and its various characteristics and benefits.

National symbols, such as flags, anthems, and national flowers, are important parts of a country’s culture and identity. Similarly, national fruits are an important symbol that represents the country’s unique agricultural heritage. China is known for its diverse range of fruits, and the kiwifruit is the country’s chosen national fruit.

What Is The National Fruit Of China?

The national fruit of China is the fuzzy kiwifruit. This fruit was chosen as the national fruit due to its economic and nutritional value, as well as its cultural significance as a symbol of China’s agricultural heritage.

The kiwifruit, also known as Chinese gooseberry, is a small, oval-shaped fruit with a brown, hairy exterior and bright green flesh inside. The fruit’s name comes from the kiwi bird, which is native to New Zealand, where the fruit was first cultivated.

Appearance and Characteristics of the Fruit

Kiwifruit is a nutrient-rich fruit that is oval or round in shape and has a fuzzy brown skin. The fruit’s interior is green and has a distinctive, tangy-sweet flavor. It is an excellent source of vitamin C, dietary fiber, and potassium.

Cultural Significance of the National Fruit

Historical Significance

The kiwifruit’s cultural significance in China dates back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). The fruit was known as “Yang Tao” and was prized for its medicinal properties. It was also considered a symbol of fertility and was often gifted to newlyweds.

Symbolic Value

In addition to its historical significance, the kiwifruit is also symbolic in Chinese culture. The fruit is associated with good luck and is often featured in Chinese New Year celebrations. Its green color is also associated with wealth and prosperity.

Economic Significance of the National Fruit

Production and Consumption Statistics

China is the world’s largest producer of kiwifruit, accounting for over half of the global production. The fruit is grown in many parts of the country, including Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan. Kiwifruit is a popular fruit in China, with per capita consumption reaching 2.2 kg in 2020.

Export and Trade

Kiwifruit is also an important export for China, with the country exporting over 400,000 metric tons of the fruit in 2020. The top export destinations for Chinese kiwifruit are Europe, Japan, and South Korea.

Health Benefits of the National Fruit

Nutritional Value

Kiwifruit is a nutrient-dense fruit that provides a range of health benefits. The fruit is an excellent source of vitamin C, with a single fruit providing more than 100% of the recommended daily intake. It is also a good source of dietary fiber and potassium, as well as several other vitamins and minerals.

Medicinal Properties

In addition to its nutritional value, kiwifruit also has several medicinal properties. The fruit contains an enzyme called actinidin, which aids in digestion and can help alleviate symptoms of constipation. It is also high in antioxidants, which can help protect against cell damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease.

Varieties of the National Fruit

Regional Differences

While the kiwifruit is the national fruit of China, there are several different varieties grown throughout the country. These include the Hayward variety, which is the most common and is grown in many different regions, as well as several other varieties such as the Qinmei and Jinlin.

Preparation and Consumption Methods

Kiwifruit can be enjoyed in a variety of ways, including raw, cooked, and in smoothies or desserts. In China, it is often eaten raw or used in salads, while in other countries it is commonly used in desserts such as pavlova or as a topping for yogurt or oatmeal.

Conclusion

The kiwifruit is an important symbol of China’s agricultural heritage and cultural identity. It is a nutrient-rich fruit with several health benefits and is widely consumed and exported throughout the country. Its historical and cultural significance, as well as its economic and nutritional value, make it a fitting choice as China’s national fruit.

FAQs

Is the kiwifruit native to China?

No, the kiwifruit is not native to China. It was originally cultivated in New Zealand but has since been widely grown and consumed in China.

What are the health benefits of eating kiwifruit?

Kiwifruit is high in vitamin C, dietary fiber, and potassium, and has several medicinal properties, including aiding in digestion and providing antioxidants that can protect against chronic diseases.

How is kiwifruit consumed in China?

Kiwifruit is often eaten raw or used in salads in China. It can also be cooked or used in desserts.

Is kiwifruit an important export for China?

Yes, kiwifruit is an important export for China, with the country exporting over 400,000 metric tons of the fruit in 2020.

What is the kiwifruit’s symbolic value in Chinese culture?

The kiwifruit is associated with good luck and is often featured in Chinese New Year celebrations. Its green color is also associated with wealth and prosperity.

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