What Is the National Fruit of Thailand and Why? [ANSWERED]

Thailand is known for its tropical climate and abundance of fruit. The country has a vast array of exotic fruits, and one of them has been designated as the national fruit. In this article, we will explore the national fruit of Thailand, its history, cultural significance, and health benefits.

Thailand is a country that is known for its vibrant culture, friendly people, and delicious food. Among its many attractions, the country has a diverse range of fruits that are popular with locals and tourists alike. One fruit, in particular, has been given the prestigious title of national fruit – but which one is it?

History of the National Fruit of Thailand

The national fruit of Thailand is the mangosteen. It is a tropical fruit with a sweet and tangy flavor and a white, juicy flesh. It is highly valued in Thai culture and cuisine for its health benefits and unique taste.

The mangosteen is a tropical fruit that is native to Southeast Asia and has been cultivated in Thailand for centuries. It is also known as the “Queen of Fruits” due to its regal appearance and delicious taste.

Cultural Significance of the National Fruit of Thailand

In Thailand, the mangosteen is more than just a delicious fruit – it is a symbol of prosperity, happiness, and good luck. The fruit is often given as a gift during special occasions such as weddings, birthdays, and festivals. The mangosteen is also believed to have medicinal properties and is used in traditional Thai medicine to treat a range of ailments.

Health Benefits of the National Fruit of Thailand

The mangosteen is not only delicious but also packed with health benefits. It is rich in antioxidants, which can help to protect against cell damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease.

The fruit is also high in fiber, which can help to promote digestive health and reduce the risk of constipation. Additionally, the mangosteen contains vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, potassium, and calcium, which are essential for overall health and wellbeing.

The National Fruit of Thailand and the Economy

The mangosteen is an important fruit in the Thai economy, and the country is one of the largest producers of the fruit in the world. The fruit is exported to many countries and is a significant source of income for many Thai farmers. In addition to the fruit, the mangosteen tree is also used for its wood, which is prized for its strength and durability.

Popular Thai Dishes That Use the National Fruit of Thailand

The mangosteen is a versatile fruit that can be used in a range of Thai dishes. One popular dish is “Mangosteen Salad,” which combines the fruit with other tropical ingredients such as papaya, mango, and coconut. Another popular dish is “Mangosteen Curry,” which uses the fruit as a base for a spicy and flavorful sauce.

How to Enjoy the National Fruit of Thailand

If you are not in Thailand, you may be able to find mangosteens in specialty grocery stores or online. When choosing a mangosteen, look for one that is firm and heavy for its size.

To open the fruit, use a sharp knife to make a shallow cut around the middle of the fruit, being careful not to cut into the flesh.

Then twist the fruit open and remove the white fleshy segments, which can be eaten raw or used in a variety of dishes.

Interesting Facts About the National Fruit of Thailand

  • The mangosteen is believed to have originated in Indonesia and was brought to Thailand by traders in the 18th century.
  • The mangosteen is often confused with the durian, another tropical fruit that is also popular in Thailand. However, the two fruits are quite different in taste, texture, and appearance.
  • In Thai folklore, the mangosteen is said to have magical powers and is believed to be able to cure a range of ailments.


The mangosteen is a delicious and nutritious fruit that is not only popular in Thailand but also around the world. As the national fruit of Thailand, it holds a special place in the country’s culture and economy. Whether you are in Thailand or elsewhere, be sure to try this tropical delight and discover all that it has to offer.


What does the mangosteen taste like?

The mangosteen has a sweet and tangy flavor that is often described as a combination of peach, strawberry, and grape.

What are the health benefits of the mangosteen?

The mangosteen is high in antioxidants, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, which can help to protect against cell damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

How is the mangosteen used in Thai cuisine?

The mangosteen is used in a range of Thai dishes, including salads, curries, and desserts.

Can I grow mangosteens at home?

Mangosteens are difficult to grow and require a tropical climate. They are also slow-growing and may take up to 8 years to produce fruit.

Is the mangosteen related to the durian?

No, the mangosteen and durian are two different fruits that are often confused due to their similar origin and popularity in Southeast Asia.

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