How To Propagate Swiss Cheese Plant: Step-By-Step Guide

Propagating Swiss cheese plants, also known as Monstera deliciosa, is an exciting project even for beginner gardeners. There are several methods you can use to give life to these beautiful plants in your gardens.

Swiss Cheese Plants are notoriously hard to find but easy to propagate – once you get the hang of it. In this step-by-step guide, I’ll walk you through each propagation method, showing you what tools and materials you need and explaining best practices on how to effectively propagate your Monstera deliciosa. So, if you’re eager to add more of these exotic plants to your garden, let’s get started propagating Swiss Cheese Plants.

Tools and Materials Needed for Propagation

  • Sharp, clean scissors or pruning shears
  • Rooting hormone powder or gel
  • Pot with drainage holes
  • Well-draining soil or rooting medium
  • Spray bottle or plastic bag (for creating a mini greenhouse effect)
  • A warm and humid location such as a windowsill or greenhouse
  • Watering can or spray bottle to keep the soil moist.

Step-by-Step Guide to Propagating Swiss Cheese Plants

Step 1 – Cut a stem from the Swiss Cheese Plant

The first step is to cut a stem off the existing plant. It’s important to use clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears for best results. The stem should have at least one leaf node and be healthy and free from any damage.

For best rooting, the stem should be cut at an angle just below the leaf node in order to increase the surface area for new roots to form. This cutting process should take place when the plant is actively growing – usually during spring or summertime.

Step 2 – Remove the lower leaves

Once a stem has been cut, the next step is to remove the lower leaves. This helps prevent them from rotting in the soil, which can lead to fungal infections. The leaves can be gently pulled off or cut with a pair of scissors.

However, it is important to leave at least two or three leaves at the top of the stem. These leaves are essential for photosynthesis, which provides energy for the new plant to grow.

Step 3 – Dip the cut end in rooting hormone

The third step is to dip the cut end of the stem into rooting hormone. Rooting hormone is a powder or gel that contains hormones that stimulate root growth. It is available in most garden centers or online. The stem should be dipped into the rooting hormone powder or gel, making sure to coat the entire cut end. This will help to speed up the rooting process and increase the chances of success.

Step 4 – Plant the stem in a pot filled with soil or rooting medium

Planting a stem in potting soil is the fourth step in propagating a plant.

First, select a pot with drainage holes to ensure that any excess water can escape and the soil won’t become waterlogged. Then, fill the pot with well-draining soil or rooting medium.

Gently place the stem in the pot at the same depth it was previously growing, pushing down lightly on the soil around it.

Finally, keep the soil moist but not overly wet to prevent rotting. This will help ensure your stem has the best chance of successful propagation.

Step 5 – Keep the soil moist

Once your Swiss Cheese Plant stem is ready for rooting, it is important to keep the soil moist. The soil should not be over-saturated, but kept damp throughout the rooting process. To maintain this moisture level, use a spray bottle to mist the soil as needed. Alternatively, you can place a plastic bag over the pot to create a mini greenhouse effect. However, make sure to remove the bag during the day in order for fresh air to circulate.

Step 6 – Place the pot in a warm and humid location

In order to ensure the best possible growing environment for your Swiss Cheese Plant it is important to consider the pot’s location. A warm and sunny spot, such as a windowsill or greenhouse, is ideal for budding root growth. The temperature should be kept around 20-27 degrees Celsius, while humidity should be maintained at 60-70%.

By providing enough warmth and humidity in the right spot, you can ensure that your Swiss Cheese Plant has everything it needs to start rooting and growing successfully.

Step 7 – Wait for roots to form

The seventh step in propagating is to wait for roots to form. Depending on the conditions and type of stem you’re using, this can take anywhere from several weeks to several months.

Once the roots have formed, your new plant will start to grow and be ready for transplanting into a larger pot or placed outside. Providing optimal conditions and care will ensure that your propagated plant thrives and produces healthy roots for successful growth.

Step 8 – Once roots have formed, transplant the new plant into a larger pot or outside

Transplanting is the last step to creating a new healthy plant. Handle the new plant carefully, as its roots are delicate. Plant it at the same depth as before, either in a larger pot or outside. Firmly press the soil around the base of the stem for stability.

For the first few weeks after transplantation, make sure to keep your new plant well-watered. This is crucial for helping it to survive and thrive in its new home.

Best Practices for Successful Propagation

Propagating a Swiss Cheese Plant is an incredibly rewarding experience and can be done easily with the right materials and techniques:

  1. Choose healthy, actively growing stems to propagate. Avoid using stems that are diseased or damaged.
  2. Make sure to use a sharp, clean pair of scissors or pruning shears when making cuts as this will help to prevent infection.
  3. Remove the lower leaves from the stem to prevent rotting and increase the chances of success.
  4. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone to speed up rooting and improve chances of success.
  5. Plant the stem in well-draining soil or rooting medium, keeping it moist but avoiding waterlogging or dryness.
  6. Place the pot in a place where temperatures range between 20-27°C, with humidity at 60-70%.
  7. Wait for roots to form – this can take several weeks or months depending on conditions.
  8. Once roots have formed, transplant the new plant into a larger pot or outside, taking care not to damage them as they are delicate.
  9. Keep the plant well-watered for the first few weeks after transplanting.
  10. Monitor the new plant regularly for pests and diseases and take appropriate action if necessary.

Troubleshooting Common Problems with Swiss Cheese Plant Propagation

Propagating a Swiss Cheese Plant is an easy gardening task, but if it’s not done correctly it can result in various issues. Here are some common issues and steps to take in order to fix them:

  • Stem Rotting – This is usually caused by soil that is too wet or an environment that is too humid. To fix this, make sure the soil has good drainage and keep the humidity level low by removing plastics bags or covers from the pot.
  • No Roots Forming – When the stem isn’t forming roots, this is likely due to an environment that is too dry or incorrect use of rooting hormone. To fix this, keep the soil moist and apply the rooting hormone correctly.
  • New Plant Not Growing – If the new plant isn’t growing, it could be due to an unsuitable environment or lack of light. Fix this by placing the new plant in a location with bright, indirect light and checking temperature and humidity levels regularly.
  • Pests or Diseases – To prevent pests and diseases from infecting your new plant, make sure to use clean and sterile tools and equipment when working with Swiss Cheese Plant stems. Also check for pests/diseases frequently so any infestations can be addressed promptly.
  • Yellow Leaves – If leaves appear yellow, this likely indicates a dry environment or inadequate light. Fix this by keeping the soil moist and ensuring that there is sufficient bright indirect lighting available for the new plant.” 

Can you grow Swiss cheese plant from cuttings?

Yes, Swiss cheese plants can be propagated from cuttings.

Where do you cut a Swiss cheese plant to propagate?

A Swiss cheese plant can be propagated by cutting a stem just below a leaf node, at an angle.

Do Swiss cheese plants root in water?

Swiss cheese plants can root in water, but it is recommended to use a rooting hormone and well-draining soil or rooting medium for a better success rate.

How long does it take to propagate Swiss cheese plant?

The time it takes to propagate a Swiss Cheese Plant can vary depending on the conditions and the type of stem you are propagating. It can take several weeks to several months for roots to form.


Propagating a Swiss Cheese Plant is a great way to increase your collection of these beautiful plants. With the right environment, rooting hormone, and patience, you can successfully propagate your Swiss Cheese Plant from cuttings.

Make sure to keep the soil moist and place the new plant in a location with bright, indirect light to ensure successful propagation. Additionally, be sure to use clean and sterile tools and equipment and check the new plant regularly for pests and diseases.

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